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What are the #14allergens?


New allergen labelling legislation for pre-packed and non pre-packed foods comes into force on 13th December 2014.


Food traders will have to be able to tell customers which of the 14 major allergens listed by the Food Standards Agency are present in their menu items. If you are found guilty of an offence under the new laws you could face a heavy fine. You could also risk a customer's life.


Let's run through the FSA's list of the 14 major allergens & some examples of where they can be found.


1. Celery
This includes celery stalks, leaves, seeds and the root called celeriac. You can find celery in celery salt, salads, some meat products, soups and stock cubes.


14 allergens: celery
14 allergens: cereals containing gluten

2. Cereals containing gluten
Wheat (such as spelt and Khorasan wheat/Kamut), rye, barley and oats is often found in foods containing flour, such as some types of baking powder, batter, breadcrumbs, bread, cakes, couscous, meat products, pasta, pastry, sauces, soups and fried foods which are dusted with flour.


3. Crustaceans

Crabs, lobster, prawns and scampi are crustaceans. Shrimp paste, often used in Thai and South-East Asian curries or salads, is an ingredient to look out for.


14 allergens: crustaceans
14 allergens: eggs

4. Eggs
Eggs are often found in cakes, some meat products, mayonnaise, mousses, pasta, quiche, sauces and pastries or foods brushed or glazed with egg.


5. Fish
You will find this in some fish sauces, pizzas, relishes, salad dressings, stock cubes and Worcestershire sauce.


14 allergens: fish
14 allergens: lupin

6. Lupin
Yes, lupin is a flower, but it's also found in flour! Lupin flour and seeds can be used in some types of bread, pastries and even in pasta.


7. Milk
Milk is a common ingredient in butter, cheese, cream, milk powders & yoghurt. It can also be found in foods brushed or glazed with milk, and in powdered soups & sauces.


14 allergens: milk
14 allergens: molluscs

8. Molluscs
These include mussels, land snails, squid and whelks, but can also be commonly found in oyster sauce or as an ingredient in fish stews.


9. Mustard
Liquid mustard, mustard powder and mustard seeds fall into this category. This ingredient can also be found in breads, curries, marinades, meat products, salad dressings, sauces and soups.


14 allergens: mustard
14 allergens: nuts

10. Nuts
Not to be mistaken with peanuts (which are actually a legume and grow underground), this ingredient refers to nuts which grow on trees, like cashew nuts, almonds and hazelnuts. You can find nuts in breads, biscuits, crackers, desserts, nut powders (often used in Asian curries), stir-fried dishes, ice cream, marzipan (almond paste), nut oils and sauces.


11. Peanuts
Peanuts are actually a legume, and grow underground, which is why it's sometimes called a groundnut. Peanuts are often used as an ingredient in biscuits, cakes, curries, desserts, sauces (such as satay sauce), as well as in groundnut oil and peanut flour.


14 allergens: peanuts
14 allergens: sesame seeds

12. Sesame Seeds
These seeds can often be found in bread (sprinkled on hamburger buns for example), breadsticks, houmous, sesame oil and tahini. They are sometimes toasted and used in salads.


13. Soya
Often found in bean curd, edamame beans, miso paste, textured soya protein, soya flour or tofu, soya is a staple ingredient in oriental food. It can also be found in desserts, ice cream, meat products, sauces and vegetarian products.


14 allergens: soya
14 allergens: sulphur dioxide

14. Sulphur Dioxide (sometimes known as sulphites)
This is an ingredient often used in dried fruit such as raisins, dried apricots and prunes. You might also find it in meat products, soft drinks, vegetables as well as in wine and beer. If you have asthma, you have a higher risk of developing a reaction to sulphur dioxide.


You might have noticed that allergens crop up in a lot of dishes...

That's why you need to be incredibly diligent in being able to tell customers which allergens are present in each of your dishes. Adhering to the new allergen legislation is a crucial step in keeping your customers safe, whether you're a mobile caterer, a street food seller, a cafe or a restaurant.

Please find a free toolkit and advice video about trading legally under the new allergens legislation here. And a big thanks to the Food Standards Agency for their information about the 14 major allergens.




Head back to The Allergen Hub

For more information and tools to help you comply with legal regulations regarding allergen signposting, go back to The Allergen Hub. You'll find lots of stuff to help you trade legally and safely there.


> Go to The Allergen Hub



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